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Cropping And Bleed

Standard Size Projects and Minibook Size Projects

When creating your page layouts it is very important to understand trim as a standard part of printing, and how to account for that trim. Properly placed pages will let your beautiful work shine!

Top Trim Tips

Whip your work into tip-top shape!

pdf-upload Different Sizes

Books are considered either Standard or Mini. Standard books are sizes above 6x9, while Mini books are anything below that.

color Cover Crops

While hard and softcovers are both awesome, each has their own crop and bleed requirements. Keep this in mind when designing!

page-setup Let It Show

All vital content (i.e. marriage proposals) should be kept within the crop guides with all non-vital content fully extended to the edge of the page.

margins Safety Margins

Our crop guides make sure your vital content is safe by showing you where the trim will fall. When you ignore them, it makes your content sad (and disappear).

embed Bulk orders

For bulk orders or important projects, we highly recommend ordering a proof so you can review the full book before continuing with the remaining order.

password Reassurance

It's always better to be safe than sorry! If you're unsure about something or just want a second set of eyes, email us or hop on live chat. We're happy to help!

Standard Books


After uploading your front, back, or full wrap covers, you’ll be shown a preview of the full cover including crop guides. These crop guides are:
  • The red crop guide indicates a .25" for softcovers. Softcovers have approximately 1/8” trimmed but cropping and bleed is recommended at .25" to account for shifting that can occur. Below is an example of a very happy softcover:

  • Standard softcover crop
  • The red and pink crop guides combined indicate the trim and fold guides for hardcovers. Hardcovers require a wider, roughly ½” bleed in addition to the .25", as the cover image is wrapped around a board (very similar to wrapping a present). We do recommend adding an additional .25" as a saftey measure, as content exactly .75” from the edge will be directly against the edge of the cover. This will make a total 1" margin for hardcovers. Take a look at this example:

  • Standard hardcover crop


The automatic trim area for standard size interiors is approximately 1/8 inch on all sides, however we cannot guarantee any content that is within a full .25” from each edge of the page due to shifting that can occur in production. This is .25" is referred to as the "caution area" and represented by the red crop guide. It is something we are unable to change or adjust for a specific book as trim occurs during manufacturing to give your book a polished, finished look. In order to produce the best results possible, all vital content should be kept within the caution area with all non-vital content fully extended to the edge of the page. This ensures that no vital content is trimmed and there is no unwanted solid border remaining around the page. The tree below demonstrates this perfectly:

Standard size crop

Heed this warning from Hamlet: while your book has only 1/8” guaranteed to be trimmed, the additional 1/8” is included for trim that may occur due to shifting during production (1/8”+1/8” = .25”). Because of this, we can’t guarantee any content falling within the Red Crop Guide (.25”) TO BE or NOT TO BE trimmed. Imagine Hamlet's skull friend - you want him all the way in the red and pink lines or he’ll start angrily waxing poetic. And believe us, no one wants waxy poetry.

Mini Books

Mini books are, of course, quite small and their creation should be treated much like a child should: very gently, lovingly, and with kid gloves. Ok, maybe that last bit only applies to the books. Because of their small size, these books have a more aggressive crop guide (for both the covers and interior as they are only available in softcover) so you’ll need to take note of both the red and pink guides. This is to help you make sure your content is fully within the safe zone! The pretty kitty below gives a great example of trim that occurs on the cover and interior of mini books:

Additional gutter space

Two-Page Spreads

Sometimes your photos need a little more showcasing! If you want a continuous image to cross two pages, you don't need to make your image larger. Simply overlap 1/4" in the page gutter of each image for a pleasing, seamless result. Also, make sure that your spreads begin on an even numbered page (IE a spread going across page 2 & 3). Because our pages begin on the right hand side, if the spreads begin on an odd numbered page, then they be split up incorrectly! Usually it's as easy as adding a blank page to start, but check out this screenshot for a visual explanation. With the help of a fabulous wedding photographer and member, Edna Licia Henriquez, you can see a quick overview below for making two-page spreads. We also have examples of two-page spreads here, thanks to the members that kindly passed on their knowledge!

Additional gutter space

One more VIPI (very important piece of information): Be sure that spreads are separated and not uploaded as one continuous spread since this will skew the size of the book and we would not be able to print your book. This means that you need to have individual pages, not spreads, being uploaded. During export just make sure that it will be saved out with all of the pages separated. You can certainly have 2 page spreads, just make sure that they are indeed two separate pages!

Please note: if an order is placed with the interior uploaded as two page spreads we will have to cancel the order. But don't lose hope! You can edit the file, upload it to the site, and place a new order. When a book is created with spreads instead of separate pages, the new file would roughly double your page count and also increase the price of the book, which is why a new order would be needed. If you're ever unsure about something, send us a quick note and we can double check before you place the order!

Print Design 101

The look of elements placed on your page is ultimately your aesthetic preference. Design for print encourages elements not to fall directly against the edge of the page - the eye tends to like a little room around the edges for the most part. Because of this, when designing it is beneficial to visualize where the trim will occur. An additional buffer will also help to keep all vital elements from butting up against or under that trim. In the design world the technical term for this is "trying to dig out of prison". Now that we've covered the basics, below is a quick 1-2 (no punches, please) on setting up your document to preserve your vital content.

  • Book Designer: It's a piece of cake to check on your vital content when using the Book Designer to create! Simply review the pages to make sure that your vital elements are not pushed directly up against or under the crop guides. You can see this both in the design process and when checking out by clicking "Layout Preview".

  • PDF: When designing a PDF you can set up a double guide on the pages. Size the document with an additional .25" above what size you want (IE: 9x7 would be sized at 9.25x7.25) to allow amount for the trim area. Set a .25" guide in from each edge and add another guide of .25", or whatever amount you choose, in from the first guide. Extend all non-vital content to the edge of the page to ensure there won't be an unwanted border if the trim is closer to 1/8". Then, make sure the vital content is fully within the guides to ensure they won't be trimmed if the trim ends up closer to .25".
Please note: While this is completely subjective, when applied it always yields ideal results!

Just the FAQs

You have a few different options when previewing, but we super duper recommend using the "Layout" preview. This preview shows the most accurate view of what your book will look like after printing when using the crop guides. You can find this on Step 3 of the PDF Uploader or after clicking "Buy Now" in the Book Designer. The button "Layout" will show under the front cover preview.

Just remember, pay attention to the crop guides for your size project. These are:

  • Standard Books: note the red crop guide (sizes above 6x9)
  • Mini Books: note both the red and pink crop guides (sizes under 6x9)

Golly, do we ever! We have a great page that includes all of our biggest tips for PDF creation. We also have a top-notch help page on creating in InDesign, Acrobat, and Photoshop. We not only have words, we also have some pretty helpful infographics. That’s right, photo illustrations.

Our recommended PDF creation software is Adobe Acrobat, Photoshop, or InDesign, as those programs are the most optimized for use in creating PDFs that are compatible for printing. Adobe offers a free PDF creator that allows you to create 5 free PDFs; we recommend your file be in its final form before you use one of the 5 conversions. You can find even more options at our PDF Creation Software page!

The best way to account for trim during production is to add an additional .25" margin around the page (1/8" guaraneed trim + 1/8" caution area). For example, this means:

  • 8.5x11 becomes 8.75x11.25
  • 11.8x5 becomes 11.25x8.75
  • 10x10 becomes 10.25x10.25
  • 5x5 becomes 5.25x5.25

You can see that with each of these sizes we added the additional .25" above the size we want. Within this .25" you'll want non-vital content extending to the edge of the page with all vital content safely within the caution area. This will lead to beautiful results!

Don't forget: mini books have a much more aggressive trim due to their small size, so any book smaller than 6x9 will need to have an additional .25" caution area when designing.

We recommend a margin of at least .25” around the page where no important content (such as faces or marriage proposals) reside to avoid them being trimmed in production. We've also got some tips on how to set that up in your document:

  1. Set bleed @ 1/8" symmetric all around
  2. Have Optional Marks offset 10 points
  3. All intended bleeding elements must extend beyond the document size by at least 1/4" total in all directions (1/8" on each side) but do not include any important elements such as text or faces.

Of course we do! There are some great tools and downloadable design guides for a few of our most popular sizes at our Book Cover Specifications page. Aptly named to tell you just what you need. :)

Uh oh, sounds like you selected the wrong ratio in the Designer or created your PDF in a different ratio than what you wanted. In this case you’ll need to go back to the drawing board (or PDF creation program) and change the size or ratio to fit what you want. If you have questions about what size or ratio you’ll need to make your project you can always email us or hop on Live Chat!

Definitely! Here is a glossary of the most common terms in our cropping and bleed page:

  • Bleed: The bleed is the part on the side of a document that gives the printer a small amount of space to account for trim or movement of the paper.
  • Bulk Order: an order of multiple books, typically 5 or more.
  • Caution Area: The area within the crop guide designated for your size project where content is not guaranteed TO BE trimmed, or NOT TO BE trimmed
  • Crop Guide: A Red/Light Pink/or Yellow guide located at the Previews, and the Designer. This colored guide is laid over the edges of the page in order to give you a visual reference of the caution area.
  • Layout Preview: The preview of the Layout of your project available at Step 3 / Webstore Options page. This preview shows the most accurate view of the crop guides in relation to your project.
  • Manufacturing: Physically printing and binding the book, calendar, or card. Production of the projects. These times precede shipping.
  • Mini Book: Books sized smaller than 6x9.
  • Non-Vital Content / Non-Vital Elements: Content/Elements that are intended to be trimmed or irrelevant if it is trimmed. (Ex: excess sky in an image, background pattern, solid color background on the page)
  • Standard Size Book: Books sized 6x9 or larger.
  • Trim / Trim Area: 1/8” of the page that will automatically be trimmed/cut off the page
  • Vital content / Vital Elements: Content/Elements that cannot be trimmed at all, or it would ruin the page. (Ex: text, faces, etc.)


Re: Inside Colour of the books

by PrestoPhoto Support, 26 Mar 2012 (14:46 UTC)

Greetings from PrestoPhoto!

This page that you are referencing is called the end-leaf page, and currently we only make this available in black: http://www.prestophoto.com/photos/image/473411/6601/15298

Best regards,
PrestoPhoto support

iPhoto PDF cropping

by Kami F., 18 Jan 2012 (22:03 UTC)
I was about to print my iPhoto book when I learned of viovio. So I followed the directions to save it as a PDF and viola! it worked. However, going through the preview process I noticed that the full bleed allowed in iPhoto doesn't fly on viovio's trim guidelines and important pieces like faces are cropped out. Is there any way to fix this without going back to iPhoto and redesigning the whole book?

Re: iPhoto PDF cropping

by PrestoPhoto Support, 19 Jan 2012 (17:06 UTC)

Greeings from PrestoPhoto!

If you find that edits need to be made they will need to be made in iPhoto, then the project re-saved and uploaded within the same project, at Step 1 again.

But if you want you can email your project ID number to support@prestophoto.com and we can review the project first to let you know if you are in danger or not.

If you are viewing the book in the Layout Preview you will only need to consider the Red crop guide for an iPhoto book. The Yellow guide in the Flip Preview is for both standard size books and mini-books combined.

Kind regards,
PrestoPhoto support

Follow up to InDesign Cropping

by Hailey O'Connor, 17 Oct 2011 (14:47 UTC)

Re: Follow up to InDesign Cropping

by PrestoPhoto Support, 17 Oct 2011 (18:11 UTC)
Hi, Hailey!

The correct file upload size should be 11.25 x 8.75. You should put all important content within .25 inches on all sizes to be sure none is trimmed or gets lost in the gutter. Before you place you rorder, be sure to check the layout preview with the crop guides. if you are ordering a 8.5 x 11 book, you will need to look at the outer red crop guides.

PrestoPhoto Support

InDesign Cropping

by Adrian Ho, 11 Oct 2011 (03:12 UTC)
So I've been laying out my portfolio for a 8.5x11 landscape hardcover. But I was doing that before I read the crop / bleed rules. Which, I'm really happy I read here before ordering.

My question is, do the crop rules apply as well to the images in the spine? So for a 8.5x11, do I need to format it to become 8.75x11.25? or 8.75x11.125?

The image below shows the white space around 2 pages of 8.5x11 where the black line is the spine and the white space is what I believe is the crop space. As you can see the left and right spaces are a little bigger, so my question is 11.25 (extra .25) or 11.125 (extra .125).

Thank you,


Re: InDesign Cropping

by PrestoPhoto Support, 11 Oct 2011 (14:47 UTC)

Greetings from PrestoPhoto, thank you for your question!

When thinking about crops and crop guides there is no way to determine exactly where the trim or fold will take place, therefore we do not recommend that you place a white border around your image. Unless you will be ok with a portion of that white border remaining, and prefer the possibility of that rather than the possibility of loosing a bit of your image.

The best way to describe crops and bleed-lines is thinking of them like foreground and background. The background should stretch to the very edge of your page.

This "background" should consist of picture with irrelevant content like sky, or water, or the solid color that you're using, or a portion of a building that's not important.

The foreground should all be placed safely within the suggested Crop-guides. This "foreground" will consist of your vital content such as text, faces of people, pictures that are cropped at 100%, etc that you do not want any possibility of trim or fold to affect.

When accounting for the width of the spine of the book, our system automatically calculates the width of the spine for each book that is ordered due to the paper type and amount of pages. We do not suggest that you try to calculate the spine due to the precision required. If you wish to lay spine text you can do so using our system at the cover step. You can lay the text on top of your uploaded cover.

If you have any further questions please let us know and we will do our best to assist.

Thank you again for choosing PrestoPhoto!

PrestoPhoto support

Re: InDesign Cropping

by Adrian Ho, 12 Oct 2011 (22:30 UTC)
Thank you for your answer. But I don't think I phrased my question properly.

Where the spine happes in the middle of the page, does that get cut off in the crop as well? Like if I want a continuous image across two pages, how does one do that? And if the crop line does happen in the middle of the book, where should I adjust for a continuous image across two pages?


The images are of an example of what I'm looking at.


Re: InDesign Cropping

by PrestoPhoto Support, 13 Oct 2011 (15:33 UTC)

You can easily accomplish a complete Imagewrap cover by simply selecting the option for "Full wrap cover" - you can do so by checking the box titled "Full wrap cover" in the area where you select to upload your cover, it's to the right. The system will then give you the option to upload a single image that will wrap from back cover to front!

If you have any further questions or concerns please let us know and we will do our best to help.

PrestoPhoto support

Re: InDesign Cropping

by Adrian Ho, 13 Oct 2011 (16:30 UTC)
Hi again, I have found and used the full image wrap. What I meant was for inside a book. The internal pages.
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